CBD Dictionary

From endocannabinoid to tincture, there are many terms commonly associated with CBD products, CBD history and the science behind how CBD works. Our CBD Dictionary provides a comprehensive list of popular terms you may hear while shopping for or learning about CBD:

 

  • 2014 Farm Bill – Also known as the Agricultural Act of 2014, the Farm Bill is a legislative act signed by former president Barack Obama. It lifted some restrictions on growing Industrial Hemp, allowing for legal cultivation in some states under certain conditions.
  • Anandamide – An endocannabinoid found in humans and other animals. It binds with CB1 receptors to promote and regulate many natural functions within the body.
  • Bioavailability – The amount of a substance absorbed into your body’s circulation for an active effect.
  • Cannabinoid – The active chemical compounds in Cannabis plants. Humans and many animals also naturally produce cannabinoids within their bodies.
  • Cannabis – Cannabis is a genus of plants under the Cannabaceae family. It includes three species, including Cannabis sativa, Cannabis Indica and Cannabis ruderalis.
  • CB1 Receptors – Cannabinoid receptors found in brain and other areas of the body. They are commonly associated with behaviors, emotions and pain sensation.
  • CB2 Receptors – Cannabinoid receptors found throughout the body that are commonly associated with inflammation and immune response.
  • CBD – Short for “Cannabidiol,” CBD is a prevalent compound found in Cannabis plants. It has medicinal properties without psychoactive effects.
  • CBD Edibles – Products taken orally and ingested for desired effects. Edibles can include capsules, gummies, syrups and more.
  • CBD Isolate – CBD in its purest form with complete absence of other cannabinoids including THC.
  • CBD Oil – CBD Oil typically refers to pure CBD derived from Cannabis plants. It can include other oils and/or flavoring to improve its viscosity and taste for consumption.
  • CBD Topicals – Products applied externally on the body. Topicals can include balms, salves, pain rubs, lotions, creams and more.
  • CBD Vape Oil – A CBD Oil product that is designed for compatibility with vape devices for an inhalation method of consuming CBD. CBD Vape Oil often contains PG and VG, as well as flavoring.
  • Certificate of Analysis – A document that notates the overall findings of lab testing and confirms the accuracy of the information.
  • CO2 Extraction – A common method of isolating CBD from Hemp or Marijuana plants. It involves an extraction machine that freezes and compresses CO2 into a “supercritical” cold liquid state. When supercritical CO2 is passed through the plant, pure essential oils can be extracted. This method is superior for isolating CBD extract in its purest form.
  • Controlled Substance Act – A United States federal policy that regulates controlled substances. Established in 1970 under the Nixon administration, it classified Cannabis plants as Schedule 1 Controlled substances.  Schedule 1 drugs are illegal substances due to “high potential for abuse.”
  • Endocannabinoid – Endo- is the prefix for “within,” and endocannabinoids are the cannabinoids produced within your body.
  • Endocannabinoid System (ECS) – This term refers to the cell receptors in your body that are responsible for maintaining homeostasis and balance for bodily functions like mood, appetite, sleep cycle, pain sensation and immune response.
  • Enyzme – A biological substance that serves as a catalyst for a reaction within the body.
  • Epidiolex – The first Cannabis drug approved by the FDA. It is used to treat two severe forms of epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome.
  • Extraction – The method in which pure CBD is obtained from Cannabis plants.
  • FAAH – The abbreviation of “Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase.” An enzyme that is responsible for breaking down anandamide in the body. CBD can inhibit FAAH, resulting in greater amounts of anandamide present in the body.
  • Full-Spectrum – CBD that contains other cannabinoids including a trace amount of THC.
  • Hemp – Also known as Industrial Hemp, Hemp is a Cannabis plant that is known for its fibrous quality of its stalks and the medicinal properties of its seeds and flowers. Hemp is commonly used in the health, clothing, home building, automobile, paper and plastic industries. Hemp is a non-psychoactive plant and it will not produce a “high” when consumed or smoked.
  • Hemp Extract – Hemp Extract refers to the substance extracted from the seeds of Hemp plants. In many cases, Hemp Extract is synonymous with CBD. Hemp Extract is rich with cannabinoids, which can have positive effects on health and wellness.
  • Hemp Oil – Hemp oil is a broad term that refers to the oil extracted from the seeds of Hemp plants. In some contexts, Hemp Oil is used synonymously with CBD Oil.
  • Marijuana – Also known as weed, Marijuana is a Cannabis plant known for its psychoactive properties. The “high” from Marijuana is produced by its high concentration of THC. Marijuana is typically used for medicinal or recreational applications.
  • Pet CBD Oil – A CBD tincture product designed specifically for domestic animals like dogs and cats. Pet CBD oil often contains a pure form of CBD extract and pet-friendly flavoring for easy administration.
  • Potency – The power of a medicine or supplement determined by the concentration of active or effective ingredients.
  • Purity – The level of quality determined by the absence of toxins, contamination and harmful pesticides.
  • Sourcing – This term refers to the plants used to obtain pure CBD extract. CBD can be sourced from Marijuana and Industrial Hemp. The quality of the sourcing plant reflects the quality of the CBD products.
  • Sublingual – A method of taking a medication or supplement under the tongue.
  • THC – Short for “Tetrahydrocannabinol,” THC is a compound found in Cannabis plants that produces a euphoric “high” experience in humans. THC is federally illegal, and also illegal in most states.
  • Third-Party Lab Testing – The process of having a product examined by an independent team of experts to verity its contents, potency level, purity levels and more.
  • Tincture – In the CBD industry, this term refers to a bottle with a dropper that is used to dispense oil.